Born on 10 September 1940 in Volovets village of Gorlicki district (powiat), Kraków region (Poland), a territory then occupied by Nazi Germany.
Mykola is a Ukrainian poet, politician and public activist.
Born in a family of peasants, he is a Lemko by descent. In 1945, the family was deported from Carpatho-Rus to the Ukrainian SSR: at first, in Kharkiv region, then the family moved to Letiache village of Zalishchytskyi district in Ternopil region.
In 1963, he finished the Chortkiv Pedagogical College.
In 1968–1969, he studied at Department of Music and Pedagogy of Kamianetsk-Podilskyi Pedagogical Institute.
In 1969, he switched to distance studying at the Ivano-Frankivsk Pedagogical Institute.
In September 1963, he started a job of a music teacher in Borshchiv of Ternopil region.
From 1970, he taught esthetics at the Borshchiv Technical School of Mechanization, and directed the youth ensemble.
In 1992–1993, he chaired information program editorial at the “Ukrtelefilm” studio.
In September 1988, he was appointed a secretary of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group Executive Board.
In 1990–1994, he chaired the Kyiv office of Ukrainian Republican Party (URP), and was a people’s deputy at the Kyiv City Council.
March 4, 1994, Mykola was elected a people’s deputy of Ukraine. He worked in Culture and Spirituality Committee and chaired the URP Deputy Group; he was a part of such fractions: “Statehood”, “Constitutional Centre” and “People’s Movement of Ukraine”.
He is a founding member of the Republican Christian Party (RCP), on the constituent assembly of which he was elected the first deputy head (May 1, 1997). Since May 30, 1998, he has been a member of the Central Lead of the RCP.
He has been a member of PEN International since 1986.
In 1999, he established a charity organization “Bohdan’s Gallery” Foundation (in honor of his late brother Bohdan Horbal) with the purpose to support non-traditional art and help non-professional artists with disabilities.
Collection “Details of an Hourglass” (“Suchasnist” Publishing House, 1983).
Horbal M. A Roadside Oratory: [Poetry] // Kafedra. — 1989. — № 8. — P.52-58.
Horbal M. Details of an Hourglass // Dnipro. — 1992. — № 1. — P. 81—82.
Horbal M. [Poems] // From the Night’s Siege: collection of slavish Ukrainian poetry of the 30– 80s. — Кyiv, 1993. — P.112-122.
Awards and orders:
The Order of Freedom (18 November 2009): for prominent personal role in advocating the national idea, formation and development of independent Ukrainian state and active political and public activity.
The Order for Courage of the 1st Grade (8 November 2006): for civil courage and self-dedication in the struggle to consolidate the ideals of freedom and democracy, and on the occasion of the 30th anniversary since the establishment of Ukrainian Public Group to Promote the Implementation of the Helsinki Accords.
The Order of Merit of the 3rd Grade (26 November 2005): for distinctive personal contribution to national and state renascence of Ukraine, self-dedication in the struggle to uphold the ideals of freedom and democracy and active public position.
Laureate of the Vasyl Stus Prize, 1992.