Born on 26 July 1931 in Mykoliaivka, Olhinskyi (now – Volnovaskyi) district of Donetsk region (then – Stalinsk). Ivan Dziuba is a Ukrainian literator, literary critic, public activist, dissident of the Soviet period, Hero of Ukraine, academic of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, second Minister of Culture of Ukraine (1992–1994), head of the Taras Shevchenko National Prize Committee (1999–2001).
Co-chairman of the Chief editorial board of the “Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine”.
Editor-in-chief of “Suchasnist” (1990s), member of editorial boards of scientific journals “Kyivska starovyna”, “Slovo i chas”, “YevroAtlantyka”, etc.
1932 – Dziuba family moved from the village to a nearby industrial township of Novotroitske, but for a short while. Then – permanently to Olenivski Kariery (now – Dokuchaievsk), where Ivan Dziuba finished the secondary school №1.
He graduated from Donetsk Pedagogical Institute, did PhD at the Taras Shevchenko Institute of Literature.
His works has been published since 1959.
1962 – he was discharged from the position of the head of the criticism department of the “Vitchyzna” magazine for “ideological mistakes”; soon after – from the position at “Molod” Publishing House.
Another landmark leading to condemned persecution was the unauthorized evening in Pershotravnevyi Park in Kyiv, held on 31 July 1963, and dedicated to the 150th anniversary of Lesia Ukrainka’s death, attended by I. Dziuba, T. Tsymbal, M. Kotsiubynska, I. Drach, C. Telniuk, M. Vingranovskyi, Y. Nazarenko, I. Zhylenko.
In September 1965 at the film premiere of the “Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors” at the “Ukraina” cinema (Kyiv), Ivan Dziuba together with Vasyl Stus and Viacheslav Chornovol went on stage with the first public protest against the authorities’ politics in USSR disclosing information on covert arrests of Ukrainian intellectuals.
In the 1970s, he was persecuted for his views expressed in certain publications.
1973 – Kyiv district court sentenced Ivan to 5 years of imprisonment and 5 years of exile for “anti-Soviet” work “Internationalism or Russification?” He then appealed to the Presidium of Verkhovna Rada of Ukrainian SSR requesting for pardon. Being granted ‘clemency’ he was fortunate not to be claimed as ‘tuneyadets’ thanks to aircraft designer Oleg Antonov, who helped the world-renowned scholar get a job of the proofreader at the factory newspaper at the Kyiv Aviation Plant.
“Internationalism or Russification” (London, 1968; “Vitchyzna” magazine, 1990, №5-7) is about the threatening problems of national relations in the socialist society. Special commission of the CPU Central Committee labeled this work as “a pasquinade on the Soviet reality, national policy of the CPU and practice of communism-building in the USSR”.
In the autumn of 1989, he co-founded the People’s Movement of Ukraine.
In November 1992, he became the second Minister of Culture of the independent Ukraine.
Ivan Dziuba is one of the members of the “First December” Initiative Group.
„Ordinary Man or Burgher (1959)
“Internationalism or Russification” (“samvydav”, 1965)
“Crystal’s Faces” (1978)
“Stefan Zorian in the history of Armenian literature” (1982)
“Autographs of the Renaissance” (1986)
“Saddridin Ayni” (1987)
“Each Person’s Destiny’s His Own” (1989)
“For It Is Not Merely a Language, Sounds” (1990)
“Overtaken the Miserable Freedom…” (1995)
“Between Culture and Politics” (1998)
A Trap: 30 years with Stalin, 50 – Without”, (Part I), (Part II) (2003)
“Taras Shevchenko” (2005)
“Taras Shevchenko: Life and works” (2008)
“Extinction of the Word”
Mykola Khvyliovyi: “Asian Renaissance and psychological Europe”
“On the Pulse of the Era”
“We Have Only One Motherland”
“From the Well of the Ages”: in 3 volumes (2006—2007)
“Reminiscences and Deliberations at the Finish Line”
“Pumping the Gloom: from the Black-hundredists of the XX century to Ukrainophobes at the Beginning of the XXI”
“Internationalism or Russification?” was published in Ukrainian, English, Italian, Chinese, Russian and French.
Editor of the 10-volume series “Ukraine. Anthology of State-building Monuments through X–XX centuries”, compiler of its 5th volume “Romantics of the National Renaissance (1800–1863)” (2009).
Author of scripts for films:
“Vasyl Symonenko” (in cinema in 1988)
“Ukrainians. Hope” (in cinema in 1992)
Co-writer of scripts for the films: “Taras Shevchenko. The Testament” (1992, 3 p., “Poet i kniazhna”), “Taras Shevchenko. The Testament” (1997, 7 p., “Na tsii okradenii zemli”), “Taras Shevchenko. The Testament” (1997, 8 p., “Dusha z pryznachenniam prykrasnym”), “Taras Shevchenko. The Testament” (1997, 9 p., “Dole moia, de ty?”), “Poet i kniazhna” (Poet and the Princess) (1999, co-authored), etc.
Awards and honors
On 26 July 2001 by the Presidential Decree of L. Kuchma, Ivan Dziuba was awarded the title Hero of Ukraine for outstanding professional achievements, merits to Ukraine in building of its statehood and revival of the national spirituality.
Knight of the Order of Freedom (16 January 2009) — for significant personal contribution in consolidation of Ukrainian society, building the democratic social and legal state as well as on the occasion of the Day of Unity of Ukraine.
Taras Shevchenko State Prize of the Ukrainian SSR in literature, journalism and art in 1991 (journalism and publicism) – for the series of publicistic speeches “For It Is Not Merely a Language, Sounds…”; articles: “Ukraine and the world”, “Do we comprehend our national culture as integrity?” (27 February 1991).
Published by the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ivan Dziuba’s book “Taras Shevchenko: Life and works” was the laureate of the nationwide Ukrainian rating “Book of the Year – 2008” in the nomination “Chrestomathy – Critics, biography, memoirs”.
He is the laureate of the international prize of the Antonovych Foundation in 1990 for the essay “Each Person’s Destiny’s His Own”.
Ivan Dziuba is the laureate of the literary nongovernmental award Oles Biletskyi Prize and the scientific award of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine – Volodymyr Vernadsky Prize.